Build a new grid

This section describes how to set the grid parameters for building a new grid.

Please see gridtools.gridutils.GridUtils.setGridParameters() for explanation of all available parameters.

By default, a grid center is defined. A total distance in the \(x\) and \(y\) direction of the grid is defined. The number of grid points is determined by the defined resolution of the grid cells in the \(x\) and \(y\) direction.

This example creates the IBCAO grid as described by the Technical Reference and User’s Guide. [JCW+00] [MJV03]

The user manual states that the IBCAO grid is a Cartesian grid which has coordinates in meters in the \(x\) and \(y\) direction. The grid center or Origin is the North Pole. The Cartesian grid system starts at an \((x,y)\) of \((0,0)\) at the North Pole.

The grid size is 580.5 km in both directions giving a size of 2902500 meters on all sides of the North Pole.

To create an IBCAO grid suitable for MOM6, grid parameters need to be set to appropriate values.

The user manual states the IBCAO grid is in the Polarsterographic projection. For gridtools, this is specified as Stereographic. In that projection, the true scale is preserved at 75 degrees North. For gridtools, this is specified by setting lat_ts to 75.0. Although the grid in Cartesian space is \((0,0)\), in gridtools, the grid center needs to be specified in map coordinates for the projection center and the grid center.

To specify that the grid should be centered at the North Pole, in gridtools set the grid projection parameters lon_0 to 0.0 and lat_0 to 90.0. The grid parameters CenterX is also 0.0 and CenterY is 90.0. The CenterUnits should be set to degrees.

The user manual specifies a standard radius of the Earth by stating that the “horizontal datum is World Geodetic System (WGS 84)”. This is specified in gridtools using the projection parameter of WGS84 for the ellps (ellipsoid) parameter.

The user manual states the grid distance is 2.5 km. The grid resolution is 2500 meters. In gridtools, dx and dy are set to the total distance of the grid or 5805000.0 meters. The gridResolution is set to 2500.0 meters. The units should be set to meters for dxUnits, dyUnits, and gridResolutionUnits.

The grid parameters tilt is optional. The default value of 0.0 is shown in the example.

For now, MOM6 grids should all be created using a gridMode of 2 to specify creation of a supergrid. For MOM6 grids, the gridType should be MOM6.

The parameters ensureEvenI and ensureEvenJ ensure the supergrid is properly sized. Use the default value of True for now.

Here is the command pulling all the above parameters together ready to create the IBCAO grid:

# Create a gridtools object
from gridtools.gridutils import GridUtils
grd = GridUtils()

# Define IBCAO grid for gridtools library
    'projection': {
        'name': "Stereographic",
        'ellps': 'WGS84',
        'lon_0': 0.0,
        'lat_0': 90.0,
        'lat_ts': 75.0,
    'centerX': 0.0,
    'centerY': 90.0,
    'cneterUnits': 'degrees',
    'dx': 5805000.0,
    'dy': 5805000.0,
    'dxUnits': 'meters',
    'dyUnits': 'meters',
    'gridResolution': 2500.0,
    'gridResolutionUnits': 'meters',
    'tilt': 0.0,
    'gridMode': 2,
    'gridType': 'MOM6',
    'ensureEvenI': True,
    'ensureEvenJ': True

After setting the grid parameters, the next command will instruct gridtools to make the grid:


For systems with smaller amounts of memory, example #6 constructs a mini IBCAO grid with fewer grid points.